The Methodological Development of an Interprofessional Educational Program to Provide Proactive Integrated Care for Elders

Linda Smit, Jeroen Dikken, Inge Pool, Marjolein van Wijk, Marieke Schuurmans, Niek de Wit, Nienke Bleijenberg

Abstract


Background: Interprofessional collaboration in practice (IPCP) between professionals from the medical and social domain within primary care is desirable; however, it is also challenging due to fragmented healthcare. Little is known about the development of IPCP in primary care to fit the implementation context. This article describes the methodological development and the final content of an IPCP program.

Methods and findings: The development process started with the identification of IPCP competencies in a literature review and a qualitative needs analysis with semi-structured interviews among eight elders and four health care professionals. The results were discussed during a first consultation with an expert team, which consisted of ten health care professionals. Consensus was reached on the themes role identity, communication, and shared vision development to form the basis of the program. A second consultation with the experts discussed the first version of the program. Then, consensus was reached on the final version of the program, which included a blended learning approach consisting of two face-to-face meetings, online learning, and on-the-job learning with a sixteen-hour time investment over a six-week period.

Conclusions: The IPCP program was developed based on educational strategies and evidence, and with the support and knowledge of practice experts to fit the implementation context.


 


Keywords


Interprofessional collaboration; Interprofessional education; Primary care; Elders; Co-creation; Development

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22230/jripe.2019v9n2a295