Healthcare Student Stereotypes: A Systematic Review with Implications for Interprofessional Collaboration

Karey Cook, Judith Stoecker


Background: Stereotyping is one factor theorized to facilitate or inhibit effective interprofessional healthcare education and collaboration. The primary purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature to determine what stereotypes are present among healthcare students about other healthcare students and practitioners. The secondary purpose of this paper is to identify the instruments most commonly used to measure stereotypes held by healthcare practitioners and students. Methods and Findings: A search of nine electronic databases identified studies that examined stereotypes among healthcare students. Studies were included if they met three search criteria: utilized quantitative methods; collected data on the stereotypes of healthcare students, including medical students, toward other healthcare students or healthcare practitioners; and included participants who were enrolled in a professional healthcare program. Thirteen studies were identified for this review. The results demonstrate that students of various healthcare professions hold stereotypes characterized by both positive and negative adjectives of students and practitioners in their own and other healthcare professions. Conclusions: The presence of stereotypes among students may have an influence on patterns of communication and collaboration during future practice in the healthcare environment. Key Words: Stereotypes, Interprofessional, Healthcare Students, Healthcare Education   


Stereotypes; Interprofessional; Healthcare Students; Healthcare Education

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