Achieving Consensus on the Values and Activities of all Healthcare Educators: A Mixed-Methods Study




Healthcare professions, Educators, Mixed methods, Values, Activities, Professional recognition


Background: To facilitate a stronger recognition of the importance of the healthcare educator role and clearer communication regarding IPE, consensus is needed regardingn the values and areas of activity that all healthcare educators share, regardless of professional group.

Methods and findings: A five-phase consensus process was used, consisting of a survey and search to identify guidance documents, a literature review and text analysis, a face-to-face consensus meeting, a novel workshop to develop organizing principles, and a two-stage Delphi consultation. This consensus process resulted in a nine-item list of shared values and 25 activities sorted into four domains.

Conclusion: This article reports the development of a rigorous and collective consensus statement on the core values and activities shared by all healthcare educators. This is a necessary preliminary to establishing the groundwork on which interprofessional educational initiatives can be built.

Author Biographies

Julie Browne, Cardiff University

I am Senior Lecturer in Academic Practice at Cardiff University and course lead for the intercalated BSc in Medical Education.  A Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and Fellow of the Academy of Medical Educators, in 2015 I was awarded the President's Silver Medal of the Academy of Medical Educators for outstanding and sustained contributions to medical education. My professional background is in academic publishing and I was formerly Managing Editor of Medical Education and The Clinical Teacher; I am currently co-Chair of the Editorial Board of Cardiff University Press and Honorary Editor of The British Student Doctor Journal.

Alison Bullock, Cardiff University

Alison Bullock (PhD, FAcMedEd, PGCE, BA) is Professor of Medical and Dental Education at Cardiff University, School of Social Sciences and, since 2009, Director of the Cardiff Unit for Research and Evaluation in Medical and Dental Education. The purpose of the Unit and her main activity is to conduct multidisciplinary research and evaluation of the education and training of healthcare professionals. She accumulated over 100 peer-reviewed publications and is Associate Editor of the European Journal of Dental Education. The other main aspects of her role include grant capture, doctoral supervision and research ethics committee work.

Samuel Parker, Brimingham City University

Samuel Parker completed his PhD in the School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University in 2018. He is currently a Lecturer in Psychology at Birmingham City University where he teaches courses in Qualitative Research Methods and Social Psychology.

Chiara Poletti, Cardiff University

I am a PhD student at Cardiff University, School of Social Sciences (SOCSI). Since 2018, I have collaborated with the Cardiff Unit for Research and Evaluation of Medical and Dental Education (CUREMeDE), Cardiff University, working as Research Assistant on different projects: the Educators of Healthcare Professionals: Shared Values and Activities Study (HEVAS) project, funded by Health Education England and the Wales Deanery at Health Education and Improvement Wales. A review of research into health and care professional regulation since 2011, commissioned by the Professional Standards Authority (PSA), and a scoping review of Out of Programme (OOP) schemes in the UK. 

Derek Gallen, Association for the Study of Medical Education

Currently the president of the Association for the Study of Medical Education (ASME) and education lead for Medic Academy. Previously the Postgraduate Medical Dean for Wales and UK National Director of the Foundation programme. Founding member of the Academy of Medical Educators and past President. Qualified as a General practitioner but moved into medical education at an early stage of his career. Developed many innovative academic training programmes in the foundation years and author of several books on general practice and medical education. Current research interests are in interprofessional education and assessments within postgraduate  curriculum.

John Jenkins, Medical Intern Board of Ireland

Prof. John Jenkins has been actively involved in the regulation, development and delivery of medical and interprofessional education in the UK and Ireland throughout his career as Consultant Paediatrician and Senior Lecturer in Child Health at Queen’s University Belfast. Subsequently, since retirement he has been President of the Association for the Study of Medical Education and is independent Chair of the Medical Intern Board of Ireland. He is also a member of the AMEE ASPIRE Board and deputy Chair of the panel for Recognition of Excellence in Curriculum Development.






Articles: Empirical Research